La problématisation d’élèves du primaire impliqués dans une démarche d’apprentissage par problème dans une perspective d’enseignement des controverses
Society faces major changes. Schools have to allow students to develop the competencies necessary to be active citizens (Albe, 2009). Dewey (1910/2004; 1916/1990) emphasizes the benefits of problem-based learning (PBL) where students need to become familiar with social issues. This study aims to document the PBL process based on a controversial issue of elementary school students to understand how they reflect. In a case study approach, students group discussions were analyzed to identify the phase of the reflective thinking (Dewey, 1910/2004) in their inquiry process. We observe that, following an iterative process, students’ reflective thinking becomes more complex.
Keywords: problem-based learning, inquiry learning, controversial issue, elementary education
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