Indigenous Perspectives at the Cultural Interface: Exploring Student Achievement through School/Community-Based Interventions
Keywords:Indigenous, Education, Cultural, Programming
Many schools, school districts, and provincial education authorities in Canada are collaborating with Indigenous communities to indigenize content and provide progamming to improve Indigenous student success. With a focus on high school achievement in the area of Indigenous education at the cultural interface of Indigenous communities and Euro-Western educational systems, this article examines the efforts of a school division to impact student achievement and experience. Data from interviews conducted with teachers, educational assistants, and administrators are presented and discussed, evidencing participants’ perspectives on these initiatives. This study revealed that, despite numerous institutional and non-institutional challenges, the school division’s efforts in Indigenous education programming in many of its high schools have been thriving and have also been well supported compared to other public school divisions in Canada.
Anderson, B., & Richards, J. (2016). Students in jeopardy: An agenda for improving results in band-operated schools. C. D. Howe Institute.
Arriagada, P., & Hango, D. (2016, May 18). Literacy and numeracy among off-reserve First Nations people and Métis: Do higher skill levels improve labour market outcomes? Statistics Canada. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/75-006-x/2016001/article/14630-eng.htm
Association of Canadian Deans of Education. (2010). Accord on Indigenous education. https://csse-scee.ca/acde/wp-content/uploads/sites/7/2017/08/Accord-on-Indigenous-Education.pdf
Battiste, M., & Henderson, J. (2009). Naturalizing Indigenous knowledge in eurocentric education. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 32(1), 5–18.
Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (2007). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theories and methods (5th ed.). Pearson.
CBC News. (2022, April 21). Manitoba’s education overhaul plan a step forward for Indigenous students, advocates say. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/manitoba-education-overhaul-indigenous-students-1.6425328
Cooperrider, D. L., & Whitney, D. (1999). Appreciative inquiry. In P. Holman & T. Devane (Eds.), Collaborating for change (pp. 4–16). Berrett-Koehler.
Cranston, J. (2014). Seeking the elusive fit: What do educational leaders look for when hiring new teachers for First Nations schools? In Education, 19(3), 69–88.
Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). SAGE.
Davidson, S. F. (2015). Where waters meet: Merging the strengths of Aboriginal and mainstream educational practices to improve students’ experience at school. English Practice, 57(1), 9–16. http://bctela.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/EP-Fall-2015-final-version.pdf
Deer, F. (2014). The institutional and community capacity for Aboriginal education: A case study. In Education, 19(3), 3–16.
Deer, F. (2015). Indigenous rights in Canada: Implications for leadership in education. Antistasis, 5(1), 37–40.
Elliot, C. (1999). Locating the energy of change: An introduction to appreciative inquiry. International Institute for Sustainable Development.
Germain, G. S., & Dick, L. E. (2011). Reforming First Nations education: From crisis to hope. Senate of Canada.
Goulet, L., & Goulet, K. N. (2014). Teaching each other: Nehinuw concepts and Indigenous pedagogies. UBC Press.
Government of Canada. (2018). Quality education. https://www.canada.ca/en/indigenous-services-canada/news/2018/01/quality_education.html
Government of Manitoba. (2018). High school graduation rates and student achievement statistics. http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/grad_rates/index.html
Kerr, J. (2014). Western Epistemic dominance and colonial structures: Considerations for thought and practice in programs of teacher education. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 3(2), 83–104.
King, L., & Schielmann, S. (2004). The challenge of Indigenous education: Practice and perspectives. UNESCO.
Manitoba First Nations Education Resource Centre, Inc. (2013). Wisdom of the Elders: Who is an Elder?
Pan Am Clinic. (2019). [Citation concealed to maintain the school’s confidentiality]
Savard, A., Manuel, D., & Lin, T. (2014). Incorporating culture in the curriculum: The concept of probability in Nunavik Inuit culture. In Education, 19(3), 152–171.
Simpson, L. (2002). Indigenous environmental education for cultural survival. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 7(1), 13–25.
Simpson, L. R. (2004). Anticolonial strategies for the recovery and maintenance of Indigenous knowledge. The American Indian Quarterly, 3&4, 373–384. http://muse.jhu.edu/article/181506
Summerland School Division. (2020). [Citation concealed to maintain the school division’s confidentiality]
Truth and Reconciliation Commission. (2015). Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action. www.trc.ca
Wildcat, M., McDonald, M., Irlbacher-Fox, S., & Coulthard, G. (2014). Learning from the land: Indigenous land based pedagogy and decolonization. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 3(3), i–xv.
Wilson, S. (2008). Research is ceremony: Indigenous research methods. Fernwood.
Wuttunee, W. (2004). Living rhythms: Lessons in Aboriginal economic resilience and vision. McGill-Queen’s University Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Canadian Society for the Study of Education
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The Canadian Journal of Education follows Creative Commons Licencing CC BY-NC-ND.