Élaboration et validation de l’Échelle de perception d’un centre d’aide en français du postsecondaire (ÉPCAFP)
Post-secondary teachers find that many students who could benefit from the support of their institution’s academic skills centres to succeed in their courses do not show up. Ways to motivate students to use these services are in development and will need to be evaluated. This article presents the process for developing and validating the Échelle de perception d’un centre d’aide en français du postsecondaire (ÉPCAFP). The instrument is composed of three subscales (Interest, Utility and Controllability) and has been evaluated with 1,324 college students from four colleges in Quebec. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyzes revealed a structure that clearly distinguishes the 10 items of the scale according to the three conceptual dimensions representing the subscales. Moreover, results are satisfactory with regard of internal consistency, discriminant validity as well as criterion-related validity of the instrument. The results of this study are discussed in light to the issue that justified its conduct.
Keywords: perception, French help centre, motivation, measurement scale, validation
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