Les indicateurs du financement privé de la R-D universitaire au Québec: Critique de la méthode
With the multiplication of data sources, the use of different definitions and methods of calculation, the measurement of the private investment in University R&D (HERD) has become a difficult, not to say confusing, task. This paper seeks to clarify the main aspects of this problem. Though it is true that University-industry relations have intensified over the last ten years, private investment in HERD has a tendency to stagnate when evaluated as a proportion of business expenditures on R&D (BERD). Though new modes of financing have appeared in addition to the usual contracting practices, like the use of venture capital, it is a recent phenomenon and it is important to measure their impact on university R&D.