BLACK-CHEEKED GNATEATER (CONOPOPHAGA MELANOPS) (AVES: CONOPOPHAGIDAE): A PREDATOR OF SMALL FROGS AND LIZARDS IN THE ATLANTIC FOREST
Keywords:Brazil, São Paulo, Serra do Mar, Curucutu, anuran amphibians, natural history
AbstractThe Conopophagidae family has only one report of predation of small vertebrates, being an anuran observed for the genus Conopophaga. Here, we present a record of predation on a small anuran amphibian by Conopophaga melanops. The record was made in 2008 in a Southeast Brazil. A recently dead individual of Fritziana mitus, with several lesions on its body, was observed next to an adult female of C. melanops captured in a mist net. We found only two records of predation of small vertebrates by C. melanops, being an anuran and a lizard. The three available records occurred during the reproductive period of C. melanops, indicating that the prey may serve as a resource to feed the young. This type of behavior, as well as the predator-prey relationship, should be better investigated in the field, especially in the Atlantic Forest, region with a high bird and frog diversity.