Quantum Response of Human Skin to Hydrogen Peroxide Stimulation

Rajendra Prasad Bajpai, Anshu Rastogi, Alexander Popp


Visible range photon signals emitted after applying five concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on both sides of the left hand were measured and called response signals. Their quantum nature was ascertained in two analyses. The first analysis determined decay parameters of signals in two models - quantum and two exponential decays - and checked the robustness of decay parameters. The analysis established hyperbolic decay of response signals and showed that signals were in evolving squeezed states. The second analysis split response signal in small sections and determined the properties of the signal in each section from mean, variance and photon count distribution in the section. The properties showed that every section was a high strength biophoton signal having a core quantum component in squeezed state and a peripheral classical component. The properties further suggested the involvement of same or similar quantum entities in the emission of response and biophoton signals.


Biophotons, Squeezed state, Response signal, Robust Parameters, Quantum entity

Full Text:




Popp FA: Some Essential Questions of Biophoton Research and Probable Answers, In: Recent Advances in Biophoton Research and its Applications, Edited by Popp, F. A., et al., World Scientific, Singapore 1992, 1-46.

Cohen S and Popp FA: Biophoton emission of the human body. J. Photochemistry Photobiology B: Biology 1997, 40: 187-189

Racine D, Rastogi A and Bajpai RP: Hints at Quantum Characteristics of Light Signals Measured from a Human Subject. Chinese medicine 2013, 4, 2019-2024.

Bajpai RP: Biophotons: A clue to unravel the mystery of “life”?, In: Bioluminescence in focus – A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Edited by: Meyer-Rochow VB, Research Signpost, Trivendrum 2009, 357-385.

Bajpai RP, Van Wijk EPA, Van Wijk R, Van der Greef J: Attributes characterizing spontaneous ultra-weak photon signals of human subjects. J.Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 2013. 129: 6–16.

Voeikov VL: Fundamental Role of Water in Bioenergetics. In: Biophotonics and Coherent Systems in Biology, Edited by: L.V.Beloussov et al., Springer Science+ Business Media LLC, New York 2007, 89-104.

Voeikov VL and Naletov VI: Weak photon emission of non-linear chemical reactions of amino acids and sugars in aqueous solutions, In: Biophotons Edited by: J.J.Chang, et al. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherland 1998, 93-108.

Bajpai RP: Quantum Coherence of Biophoton and Living Systems, Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 2003, 41, 514-527.

Bajpai RP: Squeezed state description of spectral decompositions of a biophoton signal. Physics Letters 2005, A 337: 265-273.

Bajpai RP (2004): Biophoton Emission in a Squeezed State from a Sample of Parmelia tinctorum Physics Letters 2004, A 322: 131-136.

Bajpai RP: Implications of Biophoton and their Coherent Nature, In: Biophotonics and Coherent Systems, Edited by: Beloussov L , et al., Moscow University Press, Moscow 2000, 135-140.

Rastogi A, and Pospíšil P: Ultra-weak photon emission as a non-invasive tool for monitoring of oxidative processes in the epidermal cells of human skin: comparative study on the dorsal and the palm side of the hand. Skin Research and Technology 2010, 16, 365-370.

Havaux M: Spontaneous and thermo induced photon emission: new methods to detect and quantify oxidative stress in plants, TRENDS in Plant Science 2003, 8: 409-413.

Rastogi A and Pospíšil P: Effect of exogenous hydrogen peroxide on biophoton emission from radish root cells. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 2010, 48: 117-123.

Yuen HP: Two-photon coherent states of the radiation field. Phys. Rev.1976, A 13: 2226-2243.

Musumeci F: Physical basis and applications of Delayed Luminescence, In: Integrative Biophysics-Biophotonics, Edited by: Popp F A and Beloussov L, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherland 2003, 203-230.

Bajpai RP, Kumar S, Sivadasan VA: Biophoton emission in the evolution of squeezed state of frequency stable damped oscillator. Applied Mathematics and Computation 1998, 93: 277-288.

Bajpai RP: Coherent Nature of the Radiation Emitted in Delayed Luminescence of Leaves J. Theo. Bio. 1999, 198: 287-299.

Cohen S and Popp FA: Low level luminescence of the human skin. Skin Research and Technology1997, 3: 177-180.

Orszag M: Quantum Optics 2nd Ed, 2007Springer pp.46.

Bajpai RP: Quantum nature of photon signal emitted by Xanthoria.parietina and its implications to biology, Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 2008, 46: 420-432.

Bajpai RP, and Drexel M: Effect of Colorpuncture on Spontaneous Photon Emission in a Subject Suffering from Multiple Sclerosis. Journal of Acupuncture Meridian Studies 2008, 1: 114-120.

Popp FA and Li KH: Hyperbolic relaxation as a sufficient condition of a fully coherent ergodic field, Int. Jou. Theo. Phys. 1993, 32(9): 1573-1583.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Follow @mindmattermaps