Granada, a City under Siege: Dynamics of the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children as a Human Rights Issue in Nicaragua.


  • Mirna Esmeralda Carranza School of Social Work McMaster University Associate Professor
  • Luz Angelina López Herrera
  • Henry Parada
  • Isolda Jiménez


Commercial sexual exploitation of children, Nicaragua, Human rights


This article presents findings of a qualitative study conducted in Granada, Nicaragua.Focus groups, individual in-depth and situational interviews as well as observations were conducted.Principles related to Community-Based Participatory Research were followed throughout the study; Grounded Theory was utilized in the data analysis. The findings confirm what human and child advocates have argued –economic disparities and gender inequalities are the core of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC). The findings presented in this article enhance our understanding about the complexities of the intersectionality of global and local realities – glocalization.

Author Biography

Mirna Esmeralda Carranza, School of Social Work McMaster University Associate Professor

Dr. Carranza, is a Social Worker and a trained Registered Marriage and Family Therapist. She also holds a Ph.D. (University of Guelph) in Family Relations. Dr. Carranza is an Associate Professor at the School of Social Work, McMaster University. Currently, Dr. Carranza is a full time faculty member whose teaching focuses in advance social work Practice and graduate courses on immigration and refugee studies. Dr. Carranza has extensive experience as a family practitioner, community organizer and advocate. Her experience includes the development of community-based social change initiatives focusing on the social inclusion of disadvantaged populations, nationally and internationally.