Creating a Global Citizen and Assessing Outcomes


  • Margaret Brigham Dean, Institute for Global Citizenship & Equity, Centennial College


Global Citizenship Education, Learning Paradigm


This article examines development of the field of global citizenship education in postsecondary education in Canada. Analysis centers on the forces of globalization and internationalization as a catalyst for innovation. Plato’s Allegory of the Cave is invoked to explain the nature of transformative education and reflective practice. A signature pedagogy is identified for global citizenship education based on an emerging model. The model consists of five components: theory, content, experiences, methodology, and assessment. Student outcomes are defined in terms of a demonstrated ability to act with a global mindset based on an application of values, ethics, identity, social justice perspective, intercultural skills, and sense of responsibility.

Author Biography

Margaret Brigham, Dean, Institute for Global Citizenship & Equity, Centennial College

Margaret Brigham (Ojibway) is from Bkejwanong Territory aka. Walpole Island First Nation in southern Ontario. She is the oldest of six children and has a teenage son of her own. Margaret's work includes experience as a classroom teacher, First Nation school principal, private sector consultant on diversity and equity issues, sociology professor and college administrator. Margaret recently taught graduate and undergraduate courses at the University of Toronto including a course on Indigenous Knowledge and Decolonization. Currently she serves as Dean of Equity for Centennial College.

Margaret earned her Ph.D. at the University of Arizona in Higher Education Administration and American Indian Policy Studies. She also has a Master of Education and a Bachelor of Philosophy with an elementary teaching certificate.

Research Interests
Global and Indigenous studies related to marginalized peoples and survivalist strategies, culture and communications, critical pedagogy and public policy, comparative politics, organizational culture, and Aboriginal women's issues.