Coming home: Deradicalization for returning Syria Jihadis

Mark Dechesne, Charlotte De Roon

Abstract


The present contribution considers the nature of the threat coming out of Jihadis returning to Europe after involvement in the fighting against the Assad regime in Syria. Three contexts are considered particularly relevant: 1) the context of social protest in the Muslim world; 2) the context of the emergence of the Jihadi movement; 3) the context of veteranship. It is argued that approaches that rely solely on security or focus on ideological differences will not be able to reduce the threat. Rather, comprehensive programs that include consideration of the complex social and psychological reality of Jihadis may turn out of greatest strategic use. In this respect, much can be learned from existing veterans programs.

To read and download the complete article you can sign up here for free:

http://journals.sfu.ca/jed/index.php/jex/user/register

 


Schlagworte


Syria Jihadis; Arab Spring; Jihadi Struggle; Returning Veterans

Volltext:

Volltext (English)

Literaturhinweise


Adams, D B. (1979). Brain mechanisms for offense, defense, and submission. Behavioral and brain sciences, 2(2), 201.

Bjorgo, T., & Horgan, J. (Eds.) (2009). Leaving terrorism behind: Individual and collective disengagement. Londen: Routledge.

Chemtob, C. M., Novaco, R. W., Hamada, R. S., Gross, D. M., & Smith, G. (1997). Anger regulation deficits in combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 10(1), 17-36.

Coll, S. (2004). Ghost wars. New York, NY: Penguin.

Conway, L.G., III, & Conway, K.R. (2011). The terrorist rhetorical style and its consequences

for understanding terrorist violence. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 4, 175-192.

Dechesne, M. (in press). Mass Violence from a Beckerian Perspective: Conceptual and

Empirical Considerations. Anthropology and Humanism.

Hegghammer, T. (in press). Should I Stay or Should I Go? Explaining Variation in Western Jihadists’ Choice between Domestic and Foreign Fighting. American Political Science Review.

Jivanda, T. (2013, December 2). Syria crisis: 'Massive evidence' implicates Bashar al-Assad in

war crimes says UN. The Independent. Retrieved from http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/massive-evidence- implicates-bashar-alassad-in-war-crimes-says-un-8978193.html

HM Government (2012). Channel: Protecting vulnerable people from being drawn into terrorism. A guide for local partnerships. Retrieved from https://www.counterextremism.org/download_file/54/134/278/

Morren, J. (2011). Landelijk zorgsysteem voor veteranen [brochure]. Retrieved from http://www.lzv-groep.nl/zorg-nodig/brochure-lzv.

Pietzke, M. (2013, September 17). UN Report: Gas Attack in Syria 'Indisputable'. Der Spiegel Online. Retrieved from http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/un-report- confirms-use-of-chemical-weapons-in-syria-a-922746.html

Seifert, K. (2010). Can Jihadis be Rehabilitated? The Middle East Quarterly, 17(2): 21-30.

Telegraph View (2013, December 4). Extremist in our midst. The Telegraph. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/telegraph-view/10494631/Extremists-in-our- midst.html

Smith, A. (Ed.). (2013). The Relationship between Rhetoric and Terrorist Violence. London: Routledge.

Wright, L. (2006). The looming tower: Al-qaeda and the road to 9/11. New York: Alfred Knopf.




edition widerschein