Collaboration in Hybrid Spaces: The Case of Nordic Efforts to Counter Violent Extremism


  • Jennie Sivenbring Segerstedt Institute, University of Gothenburg
  • Robin Andersson Malmros Segerstedt Institute, University of Gothenburg


In this article, we analyze policy regulating the multiagency organizational approaches used in Nordic countries to prevent violent extremism. From an institutional logic perspective and a conceptualization of multiagency work as conducted in hybrid spaces, we analyze and develop a new theoretical framework to explain how central policies inhabit distinctive logics that compete, mix, and co-exist in these spaces, and how they inscribe specific power relations embedded in dominant discourses.


Andersson, Malmros, R. (2019). From idea to policy: Scandinavian municipalities translating radicalization. Journal for Deradicalization, Spring 2019(18), 38-73.

Bacchi, C. & Goodwin, Susan. (2016). Poststructural Policy Analysis: A guide to Practice, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

Battilana, J. & Dorado, S. (2010). Building sustainable hybrid organizations: The case of commercial microfinance organizations. The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 53, No. 6, 1419-1440.

Battilana, J. Besharov, M. & Mitzinneck.B. (2017). On Hybrids and Hybrid Organizing: A Review and Roadmap for Future Research. Chap. 5 in The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism. 2nd ed. Edited by Royston Greenwood, Christine Oliver, Thomas B. Lawrence, and Renate E. Meyer, 128–162. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2017.

Bjørgo, T. & Gjelsvik, I.M. (2015). Forskning på forebygging av radikalisering og voldelig ekstremisme. En kunnskapsstatus. PHS Forskning 2015:2. Oslo: Politihøgdkolen.

Bjørgo, T. (2017). Preventing Crime: A Holistic Approach. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brown, J., Lewis, L., Ellis, K., Stewart, M. Freeman, T. & Kasperski, J. (2011). Conflict in interprofessional primary health care teams - can it be resolved? Journal of interprofessional care. 25:1, 4-10.

Burke, K. (1969). A Grammar of Motives. University California Press.

Burnett, R. & Appleton, C. (2004). Joined-up services to tackle youth crime. A case study in England. British Journal of Criminology. 44(1), 34-54. Scott, W. R. (1995). Institutions and organizations: Vol. 3. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cherney, A. & Hartley, J. (2017). Community engagement to tackle terrorism and violent extremism: challenges, tensions and pitfalls. Policing and Society, 27:7, 750-763.

DiMaggio, PJ. & Powell, W. (1983). The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality i Organizational Fields. American Sociological Review, Vol. 48(2) 147-160.

Greenwood, R., Oliver, C., Suddaby, R., & Sahlin, K. (2008). The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism. London: SAGE Publications.

Hardy, K. (2018). Comparing theories of radicalisation with countering violent extremism policy. Journal for Deradicalization, Summer 2018(15), 76-110.

Heath-Kelly, C. (2013). Counter-terrorism and the counterfactual: Producing the ‘radicalization’ discourse and the UK PREVENT strategy. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 15, 394–415.

Hemmingsen, A. (2015). An introduction to the Danish approach to countering and preventing extremism and radicalization. DIIS report 2015.15. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies.

Kundnani, A. (2014). Radicalisation. The journey of a concept. In Baker -Beall, C. Heath-Kelly, C. & Jarvis, L. (Red). Counter-Radicalisation: Critical perspectives. Hoboken: Taylor & Francis.

Lenos, S. & Keltjens, M. (2017). The role for police officers in multiagency working and informations sharing. RAN. Ex post paper.

Mattsson, C., & Säljö, R. (2018). Violent extremism, national security a nd prevention. Institutional discourses and their implications for schooling. British Journal of Educational Studies, 66(1), 109-125

Malkki, L. (2016). International Pressure to Perform: Counterterrorism Policy Development in Finland. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 39:4, 342-362.

Meyer, J. W., & Rowan, B. (1977). Institutionalized organizations: Formal structure as myth and ceremony. American Journal of Sociology, 83(2), 340–363.

Moilanen, T., Airaksinen, M. & Kangasniemi, M. (2019). Handbok för ankarverksamheten. Multiprofessionellt samarbete för främjande av välbefinnande och förebyggande av brott bland unga. Inrikesministeriet (FI).

Pache, A. & Santos, F. (2013). Inside the hybrid organization: selective coupling as a response to competing institutional logics. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 56, No.4,972-1001.

Pallas, J., Fredriksson, M., & Wedlin, L. (2016). Translating Institutional Logics: When the Media Logic Meets Professions. Organization Studies, 37(11), 1661-1684.

Phillips, N., & Malhotra, N. (2017). Language, cognition and institutions: Studying institutionalization using linguistic methods. In R. Greenwood, C. Oliver, T. Lawrence, & R. Meyer (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of organizational institutionalism (pp. 392-417). London: Sage.

Rambøll Management consulting. (2018). Efforts to prevent extremism in the nordic countries. Mapping. Copenhagen: Ramboll.

Reay, T., & Jones, C. (2016). Qualitatively capturing institutional logics. Strategic Organization, 14(4), 441-454.

Scott, W. R. (1995). Institutions and organizations: Vol. 3. Thousand Oaks,

Sivenbring, J. & Andersson Malmros, R. (2019). Mixing logics. Multiagency approaches for countering violent extremism. Gothenburg: the Segerstedtinstitute.

Sivenbring, J. & Andersson Malmros, R. (2022 in press). The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Involving civil society organizations in Nordic policy for preventing extremism. Journal of Civil Society.

Spicker, P. (2006). Policy Analysis for Practice. Applying social policy.

Stephens, W. & Sieckelinck, S. (2019). Working Across Boundaries in Preventing Violent Extremism: Towards a typology for collaborative arrangements in PVE policy. Journal for Deradicalization. No. 22 Fall 2019. 272-313.

Thornton, P. H., Ocasio, W., & Lounsbury, M. (2012). The institutional logics perspective: A new approach to culture, structure, and process. Oxford University Press on Demand.

Walker, Warren, E. (2000). Policy Analysis: A systematic approach to Supporting Policymaking in the Public Sector. Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis 9:11-27.

Wimelius, M., Eriksson, M., Strandh, V. & Ghazinour, M. (2020). They think of us as part of the problem instead of part of the solution” - Swedish civil society and faith based organizations in resilience building and prevention of radicalization and violent Islamist extremism. Journal for Deradicalization. No. 22: Spring 2020. Fall 2019. Nr. 20. 122-154.