Militant Extremist Mindset in Post-conflict Regions of the Balkans
Keywords:Militant Extremist Mindset (MEM), Ethos of Conflict (EOC), Intergroup Conflict, Radicalization
This study explores the structure of Militant Extremist Mindset (MEM) within a sample of participants living in areas with enhanced risk of intergroup conflict. We were also interested in comparing members of three different ethnic groups (Serbs, Albanians, and Bosniaks) on MEM measures. A short version of the MEM scale was created for future use. We found that the factorial structure of MEM was replicated in the sample composed of people from both sides of a conflict. Ethnic groups did not differ significantly on the Grudge component of MEM. Group differences were pronounced on the Pro-violence and Utopianism factors. Albanians scored higher than Bosniaks and Serbs on these two dimensions. However, significant differences were obtained on the Ethos of Conflict (EOC) factor when groups of Serbs living within and outside areas of recent conflict were compared.
Asparouhov T, Muthen B. (2009). Exploratory structural equation modeling. Structural Equation Modeling, 16, 397– 438.
Bar-Tal, D., Sharvit, K., Halperin, E., & Zafran, A. (2012). Ethos of conflict: The concept and its measurement. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 18(1), 40-61.
Boyle, M. J. (2010). Revenge and reprisal violence in Kosovo: Analysis. Conflict, Security & Development, 10(2), 189-216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14678801003665968
Grutzpalk, J. (2002). Blood feud and modernity: Max Weber’s and Émile Durkheim’s theories. Journal of Classical Sociology, 2(2), 115-134. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468795X02002002854
Marcoulides, G. A., & Drezner, Z. (2003). Model specification searches using ant colony optimization algorithms. Structural Equation Modeling, 10(1), 154-164. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15328007SEM1001_8
Međedović, J., & Knežević, G. (2019). Dark and peculiar: The key features of militant extremist thinking pattern? Journal of Individual Differences, 40(2), 92-103.
Međedović, J. & Petrović, B. (2013). Predictors of party evaluation in post-conflict society – the case of Serbia. Psihologija, 46, 27-43. doi:10.2298/PSI1301027M
Međedovic, J., & Petrović, B. (2016). The Militant Extremist Mind-Set as a Conservative Ideology Mediated by Ethos of Conflict. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 22, 4, 404–408.
Muthen, L. K. & Muthen, B. O. (1998-2010). Mplus User’s Guide. Sixth Edition, Los Angeles, CA: Muthen & Muthen.
Osborne, J. W., Costello, A. B., & Kellow, J. T. (2014). Best practices in exploratory factor analysis. Louisville: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Peterson, A. (2018). Contemporary political protest: Essays on political militancy. Routledge.
Pratto, F., Žeželj, I., Maloku, E., Turjačanin, V., & Branković, M. (2017). Shaping social identities after violent conflict: Youth in the Western Balkans. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.
Saucier, G., Akers, L. G., Miller, S. S., Stankov, L., & Knežević, G. (2009). Patterns of thinking in militant extremism. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4, 256-271.
Saucier, G., Kenner, J., Iurino, K., Bou-Malham, P., Chen, Z., Thalmayer, A.G., et al., & Çankaya, B. (2015). Cross-cultural differences in a global ‘Survey of World Views’. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 46, 53–70.
Stankov, L., Saucier, G., & Knežević, G. (2010a). Militant extremist mindset: Proviolence, Vile World, and Divine Power. Psychological assessment, 22(1), 70-86.
Stankov, L., Higgins, D., Saucier, G., & Knežević, G. (2010b). Contemporary militant extremism: A linguistic approach to scale development. Psychological Assessment, 22, 246–258. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017372
Stankov, L., Saucier, G. & Knežević, G. (2011). Militant Extremist Mindset. In S. Boag & N. Tiliopoulos (Eds.) Personality & Intelligence: Theory, Assessment, & Applications. Nova Science Publishers, INC. (ISBN: 978-1-61122-070-4) pp.131-141.
Stankov, L., Knežević, G., Saucier, G., Radović, B. & Milovanović, B. (2018). Militant extremist mindset and the assessment of radicalization in general population. Journal of Individual Differences, 39, 2, 88–98.
The JD Journal for Deradicalization uses a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND) Licence. You are free to share - copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format under the following conditions:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, andindicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.