Radicalisation of Young Adults in the Balkan States: Counter-Measures, Healthcare Provision, and Community Involvement


  • Cara Richardson Research Assistant, Population Health Sciences Division, University of Dundee
  • Katherine M. Berlouis Research Assistant, Population Health Sciences Division, University of Dundee,
  • Paul A. Cameron National Lead Clinician for Chronic Pain, Scottish Government, NHS Fife, and University of Dundee


Radicalisation, Balkans, Deradicalisation, Religious Extremism


Decreasing the rise of extremism remains a priority for governments worldwide.  Motives behind joining an extremist organisation are complex and often unique to the individual, making prevention strategies difficult to design and implement.  This article explores several facets of this complex problem, particularly in relation to young adults, including links between extremism, criminality and incarceration, mental health, socioeconomic status and the rise of radicalisation ‘hotspots’ in Muslim majority states in the Western Balkans, where lack of government leadership allows extremist organisations to flourish.  Potential counter radicalisation measures are also discussed in various contexts, including healthcare systems, the community, internationally and within the Balkan region.


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