ARTERY FIRST TECHNIQUE FOR MANAGEMENT OF ABERRANT HEPATIC ARTERIAL ANATOMY DURING PANCREATICODUODENECTOMY-EXPERIENCE FROM A SPECIALIZED HEPATO-PANCREATO-BILIARY UNIT
Purpose: Aberrant hepatic arterial anatomy poses a challenge for surgeon during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). These anomalies are best picked up on pre-operative imaging to avoid inadvertent injury to the aberrant vasculature resulting in liver ischaemia or biliary-enteric anastomotic failure. We present our experience of dealing with aberrant hepatic vessels during PD.
Methods: Patients with aberrant hepatic vasculature who underwent PD between September 2014 and August 2015 were included in the study. We used artery rst technique for dissection in cases identified on pre operative imaging. Aberrations were classed according to Hiatt classi cation.
Results: A total of 23 PD were performed with aberrant arterial anatomy in 10 (43%) cases. These vessels were recognised and preserved in nine cases. In one patient, the replaced right hepatic artery (RRHA) arising from superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was coursing through pancreatic parenchyma needing resection and reconstruction with uneventful post-operative recovery. We also identified one RRHA arising from SMA coursing lateral to common bile duct and entering liver parenchyma in gallbladder fossa.
Conclusion: Aberrant hepatic arterial anomalies are common and should ideally be picked up by pre-operative imaging. It is possible to preserve these vessels in most cases with careful surgical dissection using artery first technique. Surgeons performing PD should be well versed with the aberrant vascular anatomy to minimise any inadvertent damage.
Key words: Aberrant hepatic artery, artery first technique, pancreaticoduodenectomy
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