Efficacy of Chemotherapy for Locally Advanced and Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: A real life experience and outcome from a tertiary referral centre.
Introduction: To report response rate, progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer treated with different available chemotherapeutic regimens over ten years. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. All patients with locally advanced and metastatic pancreatic cancer at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, Pakistan, from January 2008 to December 2017 were studied. Data were collected from the hospital information system. The characteristics and outcomes of all the patients were analyzed. Progression-free survival and overall survival were also estimated. Kaplan Meier curves and Log-rank test were applied, and SPSS version 20 was used for data analysis. Results: Eighty-seven (87) subjects with a median age of 56 years (range 21-76) were included. Sixty-two (71%) subjects were male. The most common tumor location was the head of the pancreas in 46(53%) of all the subjects. Sixty-three (72%) subjects had elevated CA-19.9 values. About 47(54%) subjects had locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC), and 40(46%) subjects had metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC). Chemotherapy regimens used were FOLFIRINOX in 23(26%), gemcitabine-based 66(65%) and capecitabine-based in 8 (9%) of the subjects. One (1%) subject had a complete response (CR), 12(14%) had a partial response (PR), 10 (11%) had stable disease, and 59(68%) of the subjects had progressive disease (PD). The objective response rate (ORR) was 15%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 26%. In MPC, the ORR was 10%, DCR was 18%, and tumor progression was seen in 72% of the patients, while in LAPC, the ORR was 19.1, DCR 34% and tumor progression was documented in 64% of the patients, respectively. The FOLFIRNOX chemotherapy regimen had better ORR, DCR and lesser number of progressions as compared to Gemcitabine and Capecitabine based chemotherapy regimens. The Median PFS of the whole group was 32-weeks, and the median OS was 54-weeks. The PFS was significantly higher for LAPC (39 weeks) as compared to the MPC group (25 weeks) (p=0.028). There was no statistically significant difference between the OS of these 2 groups (p=0.451). In addition, PFS was significantly higher with FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy as compared to the other chemotherapy regimens. Regarding OS, there was no statistically significant difference among all chemotherapy regimen groups (p=0.267). Conclusion: Based on our results, FOLFIRINOX remained the most effective chemotherapy regimen despite the dose modifications and toxicities in all groups, indicating that modified FOLFIRINOX could be considered as a first-line regimen in south East Asian population.
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