Public Policies for Food Security in Countries with Different Development Levels

Leidy Diana de Souza de Oliveira, Eluiza Alberto de Morais Watanabe, Dario de Oliveira Lima-Filho, Renato Luiz Sproesser

Abstract


The aim of this article is to analyze public policy for food security adopted in countries with different development levels. For this purpose, a review was made in available previous studies. We used the country income to establish the levels of development, according to the World Bank methodology. The high-income countries selected were United States, Australia, New Zealand and Canada; with upper middle-income, Brazil, South Africa and Malaysia; with lower-middle income, China, India and Ecuador and with low income, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Vietnam. The results show that income inequality between countries and within each nation are determinants of food (in)security. Therefore, public policies must have a specific approach in each context.


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