Effectiveness of Cyber Security Awareness Program for young children: A Case Study in UAE

Arwa A. Al Shamsi

Abstract


Children are an important element of the community; they represent the hope of a bright future. The safety of our children is priceless. Nowadays children are using the internet on a daily basis for many reasons; playing online games, social media or even for doing their school works. The internet takes a huge part of their times and unfortunately, most of these children are not aware of online risks and how they should respond properly to online risks. Moreover, children may have unlimited access to the internet without any control or supervision. The cybercrimes are increasing year after a year and the government of UAE considers the safety of the citizens as one of the most priorities to achieve. As the safety of our children is a priority, the Ministry of Education in UAE provided a cyber security awareness program for children in order to raise their security awareness level about online risks and online best practices. The objective of this research is to investigate the effectiveness of the cyber security awareness program offered by the Ministry of Education in UAE to students aged 8 to 10 years old. This research paper methodology based on qualitative methods for collecting data in which data were collected from interviews conducted with both the trainers of the program and students who attended the program. It was found that the children may expose to different online risks and the topics included in the cyber security awareness program were effective and aligned along with possible online risks children may expose to. Both the trainers and the students agreed on the efficiency of the cyber security awareness program and students believed that the awareness program influenced their online behavior. Although the interviews provided valuable findings, the real effectiveness of the cyber security awareness program hard to be measured as it depends on how students will behave online.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anna Sevcíkova. (2016). Girls' and boys' experience with teen sexting in early and late Adolescence. Journal of Adolescence 51 (2016) 156e162

Avtcheva-Petkova, Vera; Nash, Victoria Jane; Bulger, Monica (2014). Evidence on the extent of harms experienced by children as a result of online risks: implications for policy and research. Information, Communication & Society, 2014, 18(1), pp. 48-62

Bilal Khan, Khaled S. Alghathbar, Syed Irfan Nabi and Muhammad Khurram Khan, 2011. Effectiveness of information security awareness methods based on psychological theories. African Journal of Business Management Vol. 5(26), pp. 10862-10868, 28 October, 2011.

Bőthe, B., Tóth-Király, I., Zsila, Á., Demetrovics, Z., Griffiths, M.D., Orosz, G. (2017). The development of the Problematic Pornography Consumption Scale (PPCS). Journal of Sex Research. 2018

Dan Craigen, Nadia Diakun-Thibault, Randy Purse (2014). Defining Cybersecurity. Technology Innovation Management Review. October 2014.

Elmer Lastdrager, Inés Carvajal Gallardo, Pieter Hartel, Marianne Junger. (2017). How Effective is Anti-Phishing Training for Children?. Proceedings of the Thirteenth symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS 2017). July 12–14, 2017 • Santa Clara, CA, USA. ISBN 978-1-931971-39-3

Eric Luiijf, Kim Besseling and Patrick de Graaf (2013). Nineteen national cyber security strategies. Int. J. Critical Infrastructures, Vol. 9, Nos. 1/2, 2013

Fadi A. Aloul. (2010). Information Security Awareness in UAE: A Survey Paper. JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 3, NO. 3, AUGUST 2012

Felix Haeussinger, Johann Kranz, 2013. Information Security Awareness: Its Antecedents and Mediating Effects on Security Compliant Behavior. ICIS.

Gemma Pons-Salvador, Xud Zubieta-Méndez, Dolores Frias-Navarro, (2018). Internet Use by Children Aged six to nine: Parents’ Beliefs and Knowledge about Risk Prevention. Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 1983–2000

George Tsakalidis, Kostas Vergidis, 2017. A Systematic Approach Toward Description and Classification of Cybercrime Incidents. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems ( Volume: 49 , Issue: 4 ). Pages: 710 - 729

Gila Cohen Zilka. (2017). AWARENESS OF ESAFETY AND POTENTIAL ONLINE DANGERS AMONG CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS. Journal of Information Technology Education Research. Volume 16, 2017.

HAMAD OBAID AL MANSOORI. (2015). TOWARDS A SAFER CYBER CULTURE. Telecommunication Regulatory Authority official website. https://www.tra.gov.ae/aecert/en/about-us/director-generals-message.aspx

Jacob, S. A., & Furgerson, S. P. (2012). Writing Interview Protocols and Conducting Interviews: Tips for Students New to the Field of Qualitative Research.The Qualitative Report, 17(42), 1-10.

Jemal Abawajy. (2014). User preference of cyber security awareness delivery methods. Behaviour & Information Technology, 2014. Vol. 33, No. 3, 236–247

Jun Zhao, GeWang, Carys Dally, Petr Slovak, Julian Edbrooke-Childs, Max Van Kleek and Nigel Shadbolt. (2019). ‘I make up a silly name’: Understanding Children’s Perception of Privacy Risks Online. arXiv.1901.10245.

Karen Brown, Margaret Jackson & Wanda Cassidy. (2006). Cyber-Bullying: Developing Policy to Direct Responses that are Equitable and Effective in Addressing this Special Form of Bullying. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy, Issue #57, December 18, 2006

Komal Bansal. (2016). Effectiveness of Children Online Privacy Strategies. The 16th Winona Computer Science Undergraduate Research Symposium. April 27, 2016

Lene Hansen and Helen Nissenbaum (2009). Digital Disaster, Cyber Security, and the Copenhagen School. International Studies Quarterly (2009) 53, 1155–1175

Livingstone, Sonia and Haddon, Leslie and Görzig, Anke and Ólafsson, Kjartan (2011) Risks and safety on the internet. LSE Research Online, August 2012.

M. Valcke, B. De Wever, H. Van Keer, T. Schellens (2011). Long-term study of safe Internet use of young children. Computers & Education 57 (2011) 1292–1305

Mackenzie Adams, Maged Makramalla. (2015). Cybersecurity Skills Training: An Attacker-Centric Gamified Approach. Technology Innovation Management Review. January 2015.

Maria Bada, Angela M. Sasse and Jason R.C. Nurse, 2019. Cyber Security Awareness Campaigns: Why do they fail to change behavior?. Arxiv. arXiv: 1901.02672.

Mehmet Tekerek, Adem Tekerek, 2013. A Research on Students’ Information Security Awareness. Turkish Journal of Education. Volume 2 Issue 3.

Nazura Abdul Manap, Anita Abdul Rahim, Hossein Taji. (2015). Cyberspace Identity Theft: The Conceptual Framework. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. Vol 6 No 4 S3. August 2015.

Rahat Ibn Rafiq, Homa Hosseinmardi, Richard Han, Qin Lv, Shivakant Mishra, Sabrina Arredondo Mattson. (2015). Careful what you share in six seconds: Detecting cyberbullying instances in Vine. IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining. (2015).

Rossouw von Solms, Johan van Niekerk, 2013. From information security to cyber security. Computer and Security. Volume 38, October 2013, Pages 97-102

Sonia Livingstone, Giovanna Mascheroni and Elisabeth Staksrud (2015). Developing a framework for researching children’s online risks and opportunities in Europe. London: EU Kids Online‏. ISSN 2045-256X

Tania Cabello-Hutt, Patricio Cabello and Magdalena Claro (2017). Online opportunities and risks for children and adolescents: The role of digital skills, age, gender and parental mediation in Brazil. SAGE Journals. Volume: 20 issue: 7, page(s): 2411-2431.Sl

Tonia SanNicolas-Rocca, Benjamin Schooley and Janine L. Spears. (2014). Designing Effective Knowledge Transfer Practices to Improve IS Security Awareness and Compliance. 2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Science.