Determination of Segmentation Parameters for Object-Based Remote Sensing Image Analysis from Conventional to Recent Approaches: A Review
Main Article Content
Remote sensing has evolved through the appearance of several approaches. Object-based image analysis is a compelling approach to land use classification, object detection, and change detection in each environment. This paradigm is based on a critical and fundamental segmentation step. However, this step is highly dependent on the determination of the optimal parameters to be achieved. In this sense, methods have been invented to define the optimal segmentation parameters. This article presents an updated review of methods for defining optimal segmentation parameters. For this purpose, pertinent articles published in the main remote sensing journals from the emergence of the concept of object-based image analysis and segmentation to the present were used. The main aim is to provide a precise and detailed review of the different approaches previously presented. The originality of this review resides in the survey of all methods from conventional to the most recent with a discussion of these approaches. The results show that despite the advances in this field of research, most studies use the manual trial-and-error method. Conversely, state-of-the-art methods tend to determine the optimal parameter per type of geographic object and the adaptive calculation of segmentation parameters. Furthermore, the leading methods identified rely on supervised and unsupervised measures similarly, most of which use homogeneity measures. In contrast, a balance between intra- and inter-segment homogeneity and heterogeneity measures are more relevant. A distinction is made between pre-estimation and posterior parameter estimation methods.