A Conceptual Framework for Multiple Stakeholder Educational Decision Making


  • S. David Brazer George Mason University
  • L. Robin Keller University of California, Irvine




decision making, leadership, school districts


The purpose of this paper is to construct a conceptual framework of educational decision making that accounts for critical factors in decision processes. Elements of the framework include multiple stakeholders’ objectives and influence, varying degrees of collaboration, the concept of coupling between decision makers and stakeholders, and feedback as decisions evolve. The theoretical and conceptual contributions of this paper help to fill in an important gap in the decision making and leadership literature by explaining the dynamics of multiple actors involved in a series of decisions over time. This conceptual framework is developed by presenting areas of inquiry that are not addressed in the current literature and responding to them in a step-wise fashion. A brief school district case is used for illustration. The paper concludes with research and practice applications of the conceptual framework.

Author Biographies

S. David Brazer, George Mason University

S. David Brazer is Assistant Professor of Education Leadership in the College of Education and Human Development at George Mason University. Recent publications include Brazer, S. D. & Keller, L. R. (in press) A design research approach to investigating educational decision making. In A. Kelly, R. Lesh, & J. Baek (Eds.), Handbook of design research in mathematics, science and technology education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates and Earley, P. & Brazer, S. D. (2005). Exploring State Policy Regarding Teachers Removing License Endorsements: Short Term and Long Term Policy Implications. Education Policy Analysis Archives (13) 47. Retrieved December 1, 2005 from http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v13n47/.

L. Robin Keller, University of California, Irvine

L. Robin Keller is a professor in Operations & Decision Technologies at The Paul Merage School of Business, University of California, Irvine. She is the immediate Past-President of the Decision Analysis Society of INFORMS. Notable publications include Winn, M.I. and Keller, L.R. (2001) A modeling methodology for multi-objective multi-stakeholder decisions: implications for research. Journal of Management Inquiry, 10, 166-181 and a book she co-authored: Committee to Assess the Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident (2004) Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident, National Research Council of the National Academies, National Academies Press, Washington, DC.




How to Cite

Brazer, S. D., & Keller, L. R. (2006). A Conceptual Framework for Multiple Stakeholder Educational Decision Making. International Journal of Education Policy and Leadership, 1(3). https://doi.org/10.22230/ijepl.2006v1n3a40

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