The current issue of Frontline Learning Research covers a rich mixture of contributions which demonstrates the heterogeneity of what could be frontline within the EARLIcommunity. 

The theoretical essay from Dalsgaard is based on ideas from Gregory Bateson and Yrjö Engeström and develops 7 levels for learning and reflection. These levels point to the future of learning and research: deep learning processes are always embedded in situated activities moderated by reflections.

Two contributions point to differential learning processes that are influenced by macro and micro processes. Hietajärvi et al. explore if schools may alienate digitally engaged students (macro level) and Nanu et al. demonstrate that mathematical skill profiles can be qualitatively different right from starting school (micro level). 

Two  articles show that multi-channel data will play a more prominent role in the future: Strohmaier combined electrodermal activity (EDA) with self-reports for exploring mathematics state anxiety and Paans et al. examined how navigation patterns might be related to learning outcomes.

Find the table of content below and the complete issue of Frontline Learning Research here.