Art Music by Caribbean Composers: Antigua and Barbuda

Christine Gangelhoff, Cathleen LeGrand


The steel pan was introduced from Trinidad in 1945 and quickly gained popularity (De Jong, 2005). The first steel band in the Caribbean, the Hell's Gate Steel Orchestra, was formed in the late 1940's and is still a force in the Antiguan steel pan scene (De Jong, 2005). More steel bands quickly arose and “the steel pan became the center of cultural life on Antigua and Barbuda” (De Jong, 2005, para. 3).


Classical music; Art music

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Canedo, V. F. (2008). Antigua and Barbuda. In Africa and the Americas: Culture, politics, and history.

De Jong, N. (2005). Antigua and Barbuda. In Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world: Locations.

Kaufman, W. (2005). Antigua and Barbuda. In Britain and the Americas: Culture, politics, and history.

McDaniel, L. (1998). Antigua and Barbuda. In D.A. Olson & D.E. Sheehy (Eds.), Garland encyclopedia of world music, volume 2 (pp. 798-800). Routledge.


Copyright (c) 2014 C. Gangelhoff & C. LeGrand