Factors Affecting the Teaching and Learning of Haitian Creole in The Bahamas


  • Frenand Léger College of The Bahamas
  • A. Philip Armbrister College of The Bahamas




Lack of accurate information on many aspects of the Haitian culture and society; preconceived ideas about Haïti and its people; dated information on the linguistic status of the Haitian Creole (HC) language; and the socio-economic condition of HC speakers living in The Bahamas are some of the factors that have negative effects on the practice of teaching and learning HC as an academic subject at The College of The Bahamas (COB). This article consists of three main sections: Section one clarifies the obsolete question of HC being considered as a variety of French. It provides theoretical, practical, linguistic and socio-linguistic evidence that HC is a distinct language in its own right with its own pronunciation, spelling system, grammar, structure, and pragmatics. Section two describes the socio-linguistic situation of the HC speakers in The Bahamas as a factor influencing the use of the language in the country. Section three describes the challenges of teaching HC at COB and examines the perceptions and attitudes of students on New Providence to the HC language.

Author Biographies

Frenand Léger, College of The Bahamas

Lecturer School of Communications and Creative Arts

A. Philip Armbrister, College of The Bahamas

Assistant Professor School of Science and Technology


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